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 Spring accidentally managed to get to Spain. Of the two weeks of vacation two days spent on the mountain of Montjuïc. Beautiful place. Historical monuments, probably more than in the whole of Barcelona. It is interesting that the Spaniards, even working nearby, do not know where it is located the cemetery. And it is not out of wickedness. Spaniards are always happy to help and suggest the tourists. I actually thought that the people of Barcelona see themselves as actors in the background of this historic city - the scenery. So, no one knew where the cemetery is located, although it was in the line of sight on the hill. Perhaps this is due to several careless attitude of the Spaniards to death. To find Cemetery soverschenno failed chance, the fact is that on the map around this place a fortress. And it goes to the cemetery by high stone niches afar it looks like a fortress. Its entrance gave a narrow path between the sports facilities of the Olympic Stadium.

На кладбище Монтжуик вела узкая тропинка в сторону от Олимпийского стадиона

Weather shooting was almost perfect and overcast at the same time light enough. I do not like photos of monuments in bright sunlight, in which case they are similar to the ladies in evening dress and makeup on a weekday on the street. Not fatal, but awkward. From time to time from the sea blew rain, had to wait in the crypts. In general, taking pictures in the cemetery is not allowed. I do not know why, a lot of tablets at the cemetery, explaining that this is the burial place - a monument of architecture. Another point in Spain announced a photo contest for the best photo of the Spanish cemeteries. The founders of the photo contest - the administration of cemeteries. So this contradiction remains unclear to me. If you come in the morning, with few visitors watching guards. Automobile Protection white, with green drops. When I surveyed the neighborhood of one of the windows of the car, drove up the hill and the other, "yaki thief in the night," soundlessly, with the engine shut off, down the hill on a scooter. If the guards see in the hands of the camera, pull up and look at point-blank until uncheck. Other sanctions did not apply to me, but still not very nice. But with 14 hours was empty, the siesta. Huge cemetery, a half of the day made the 900 shots, but still this was not enough time to photograph and inspect everything as it should be. The cemetery is a monument of the era, a lot of majestic tombs and mausoleums families nazhivshih state cotton processing.
When passing by Montjuic (from the airport), the tour guide said that the cemetery, founded in 1883, is closed for new burials. Nothing like this. At the weekend, in fact, no one is buried, and on Monday the luxury hearses scurried back and forth, and in the late afternoon drew smoke from an old mini crematorium. At the cemetery, as well as in many European countries, places are rented for 15, 25, 50, 100 years. In Spain, as well as in some provinces in Italy coffins are not buried in the ground and placed in a niche in the stone walls, possibly due to the fact that in many places of the earth instead of granite, which does not dig very easily. To dull the smell of decomposition, the cemetery planted herbs: thyme, rosemary and lavender. This bas-relief shows how, according to relatives of the deceased soul leaves the niche in the stone wall.

Душа вылетает из ниши в каменной стене

 After this period, the bones and pulled perezahoranivayut somewhere vacant place is occupied by the other dead. There is a niche for a coffin, there is multi-storey, family, and you can rent a crypt for several generations.

Место для захоронения в несколько этажей
Место для захоронения на Испанском кладбище Склеп для нескольких поколений

The area of the cemetery found in good order, clean smooth track, stunning huge evergreen trees, mostly fir trees. Trees that do not shed their leaves symbolize eternity. In contrast, the fruit trees are considered to be completely irrelevant, perhaps because of the connotations with the offense of Eve in the Garden of Eden. These plants, like cacti, plant is also not taken to avoid any association with the fact that death is something bad, prickly, angry.
Some monuments, representing a worldwide cultural value, are destroyed.

Некоторые памятники со временем разрушаются Памятник с изображением ангела - мальтийский крест

I saw that in some cemeteries in Europe on such monuments put glass "aquarium", but they really spoil the view, and it is not clear what to do. This monument, which was built in 1903 severely damaged sarcophagus made of sandstone and the Maltese cross completely crumbled, but the angel in the best condition, as it is made of marble. Of course, very sorry that the next generation will not be able to see some of the sculptures, but the sheer destruction of monuments symbolizing perishability of all things. Perhaps this is why one hundred and two hundred years ago, when the language of symbols was more important for the construction of ritual structures rarely used granite, mostly sandstone or marble.
At the cemetery a lot of sculptures of angels. Messengers of God to man reported that he "it is time" and help the soul to ascend to heaven. Very interesting style. Bizarrely intertwined gothic, classicism and modernism, the huge state cotton magnates plus talent sculptors. Sometimes interpenetration of styles happen to meet in a single operation. For example, the sculpture in the classical Roman style of her dress decorated with ornaments of Art Nouveau. In most cases, it is good. The fact that the production of any household items and even in the architecture of the author could afford to be frivolous, even make a tasteless thing, the market, on the wave of enthusiasm the new style swallow everything, but for the construction of monuments, felt taken seriously. And at the Montjuic you can find facilities, which surprised as soon as late stand lying under it, but in most cases it is the best of eclectic things, incorporates the best of classical, Gothic, Catalan Art Nouveau, as these works is talent sculptors, among whom I would single out Enric Claras (Enrique Klarazo) Torras Jose Limon, Fortuna Martinez, Antonio Vila de Palmes. It often happens that they no longer know anything about the people buried but kept the name of the architect and sculptor who worked on the production of burial.

Angel Sculpture in the neoclassical style. Architect Antonio Vila and Palmes, sculptor Martinez Fortuna.

Пантеон со скульптурой ангела в неоклассическом стиле

Despite the name, carved in the pantheon Urrita and Roldan, nothing is known about this man. Before the visit to the cemetery, I saw pictures of this monument, I wanted to be sure to see it. This pantheon, certainly the impression I wanted to say, "That's it!". But I do not quite like the three points in this work. It is not combined with each other classical columns and handrails in art deco style. Between the Pantheon and the wall of the columbarium very short distance in front of the work, of course, must be at least a small area. And anatomical characteristics of an angel. He has such not say fat, but a big belly, which is hard to believe that he will be able to fly with your wings. Most likely, the sculptor was not a suitable model. One of the wings is located not quite natural. But in general, this work is very beautiful and majestic.

Burial in the Gothic style. Characterized by the fact that it does not indicate to whom it is intended.

Памятник в готическом стиле
Элементы готического памятника

 However, the monument is a large number of elements that I suppose that the name could well be encrypted among
this diversity of characters and digits.

Sculptor Enrique Claras (Doric Klarazo) statue titled Memento Homo, a man digging a grave.

Статуя человека, роющего могилу Скульптура Энрике Кларасо на кладбище Монтжуик

This is the favorite, he said, the work of the author, represents the vain desire of man to wealth and glory, for all that we do, by and large, digging his own grave. The sculptor was awarded a gold medal for this work at the World Exhibition in 1900. A copy of the sculpture is in Museum of Saragossa. With the sculpture has evolved over time. Previously, she was standing under the tree and on the ground, which gave occupation of this man more natural. In addition, at the monument changed owners on the gravestone there was another name. In 2002, the sculpture was kidnapped spade, he was replaced.

From modern monuments remember here is this sculpture, characterized by the fact that on the face of this creature is not the mouth. Perhaps the author wanted to say that we remember the image of the deceased person, but do not have a chance to talk with him.

Современная кладбищенская скульптура

An interesting thing happened on the first night of your stay in this place. When about to leave, it was found that the sliding gate through which came in locked. Only now noticed near the gateway to the inscription, the cemetery is closed at five o'clock. Can not climb the height of three to four meters, the surface of a smooth material fits into the groove. Probably did so firmly that local Goths and Satanists did not climb at night. Around the walls of the gate columbaria even higher. Live empty. I had to turn in the opposite direction. When walked back, it seemed that the cemetery as it grew in size. Where, on the other hand, should begin fence, monuments went away. Upon reflection later came to the conclusion that it is possible, the cemetery has an irregular shape, and if you take a little bit to the side you find yourself in another, larger site, the more that has to go is not straight and zigzag on the stone terrace. At the cemetery a lot of gulls, they hatch eggs on the tops of columbaria. During the day they grumbled, when you pass by, and in the evening brutalized. Dive, trying to touch the head clawed flippers. It issued a seagull looks like a white spot near it in size with open umbrella with a yellowish, bent like an old man nail, beak. And further. Not always seagulls screaming like seagulls. Angry beast emits a cry, resembling the cry of a frightened child. Recently I learned that a person has a region in the brain that recognizes it is a child's cry, so that the creature knows how to smell out. In the end, I found on the opposite side partially disassembled columbarium, which is able to penetrate through to the outside. But still remains a strange feeling, like a merchant greens in the film "Amelie."

Author: Vadim Burkovsky.